By DeepSource

Starting a process with a shell detected BAN-B605

a03 cwe-78 sans top 25 owasp top 10

Spawning of a subprocess using a command shell is dangerous as it is vulnerable to various shell injection attacks. Great care should be taken to sanitize all input in order to mitigate this risk. Calls of this type are identified by the use of certain commands which are known to use shells.

It is possible for an attacker to craft inputs to issue different commands than the ones you intended such as removing a file.

It is recommended to use functions that don't spawn a shell. If you must use them, use shlex.quote to sanitize the input by changing it to the shell-escaped version.

Bad practice

import os

# Malicious input
filename = "; echo foo"

# Executing command in a shell without escaping. This will also run `echo foo`.
os.system("git add " + filename)


import os, shlex

# Malicious input
filename = "; echo foo"

# This ensures someone can't inject other commands into the given command.
os.system("git add " + shlex.quote(filename))